Papua

Papua is the largest Indonesian province located in the central part of Papua Island or the easternmost part of Indonesia’s Papua region. The eastern hemisphere is a state of Papua New Guinea. The province of Papua used to cover the entire western part of Papua, but since 2003 it has been divided into two eastern provinces with the name Papua while the western part is West Papua. Papua has an area of ​​808,105 sq km and is the second largest island in the world and the first largest in Indonesia.
Papua is the largest Indonesian province located in the central part of Papua Island or the easternmost part of Indonesia’s Papua region. The eastern hemisphere is a state of Papua New Guinea. The province of Papua used to cover the entire western part of Papua, but since 2003 it has been divided into two eastern provinces with the name Papua while the western part is West Papua. Papua has an area of ​​808,105 sq km and is the second largest island in the world and the first largest in Indonesia.
The island of Papua has an area of ​421,981 km2 at the eastern end of the Indonesian territory, with the potential of natural resources of economic value and strategic.

Puncak Jaya Regency is the highest city on the island of Papua, while the lowest city is the city of Merauke. As a tropical and archipelagic region, the island of Papua has a relatively higher air humidity ranging from 80-89% of this varying geographic conditions affecting the uneven distribution conditions of the population. In 1990 the population on the island of Papua totaled 1,648,708 inhabitants and increased to about 2.8 million in 2006.

If viewed from the characteristics of culture, livelihood and lifestyle, indigenous Papuans can be divided into two major groups, namely the mountain or inland Papua, highlands and lowland and coastal Papua. The traditional religious beliefs of Papuan society are united and absorbed into all aspects of life, they have an integral world view that is closely related to each other between the material and spiritual world, the secular and the sacred and both of which function together.

Indigenous groups in Papua consist of 25 tribes, with different languages.